*Introduction 


Child rearing practice during the first year varies from country to country. The amount of bathing that’s done is also consistent also across cultures. Unless contraindicated, most infants and children can be bathed in a basin at the bed side or on the bed in a standard bath tub located on the unit which is often  adopted for pediatric use 

*Definition 


Baby bath is defined as cleaning the skin of the baby for promoting hygiene and comfort in the home setting

*Types of bath

1. Lap bath 
2. Warm bath 
3. Hot water tub bath

*Warm water tub bath

Given to reduce muscle tension 
Water temperature 109.4F
Observe signs and symptoms of dizziness.

*Lap bath

Bathing the body keeping on the lap. Mother sits on a chair and can sponge and Change.  Its dress on her lap itself so there is no need of having additional stool

*Hot water tub bath

Relive the pain and Comfort to the baby 
the water approximately 113 to 115 F

*Purpose of bed bath

To remove microbes body and dead skin cell
To promote circulation 
To promote a sense of well being 
To prevent of eliminate body order 
To induce sleep 
To regulate body temperature 
To prevent bed sore 
To provide active and passive exercise

*Contraindications

Hyperthermia 
Convulsion
Bronchopnemonia
Congenital heart disease 
Fresh bruns
Critical illness 
premature infants

*Assessment of the skin before bath

Colour 
Moisture 
Temperature 
Texture 
Turgor 
Vascularity 
Edema 

*Preparation of the environment and equipments

* Close windows to keep off draught and to provide

* Collect all the articles in before  beginning the procedure 
Keep the table the wall place the rub or basin on one end of the table  and the tray with articles on the other and convcently so that the baby will be protected on 3inch and there is chance of the baby's rolling of the side. 


*Equipments

Basin 
Baby soap 
Sponge or clean wash cloth 
Warm water 
clean blanket or bath towel
clean diaper 
clean clothes

*Procedure


*Explain procedure to the mother and encourage her participation 
*Fill the bath with warm the level of water should be higher that the baby navel
*wash her face and hair before  put Her in the bath
*wash the baby eyes, ears, face and neck as you would for when giving her a sponge bath 
* wipe the eyes from inner canthus to outer canthus with cotton swabs 
* dip hand in water and wipe face taking care that no water goes in to the mouth of infant
* wet hair and apply soap or baby shampoo gently wash the scalp.  Rinse with and dry hair with towel
* use the hand a wash cloth or a sponge to clean the  baby from top to bottom front and back
*wrap the baby in a towel or blanket 
*finally dress the baby in clean cloth, wrap her in a dry warm blanket

* General instructions for giving bath

*Use warm room and warm water  
*Bath quickly and gently  
*Dry quickly and gently 
*Never leave the baby unattended in a bath tub or table 
* The infant is given bath after the cord falls and umbilicus is well healed.

After Care

*wash and replace the articles the proper place 
*record the type of bath any abnormal finding on the skin 
* hand over the baby to the mother for feeding 
* before discharge demonstrate it to the mother so that she can bath her infant at home


 

AUTHOR : Chaithra Gopal

 Baby Bath – Definition, Types, Purpose, Procedure and After Care

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