GNM First Year BIOSCIENCE (Anatomy, Physiology and Microbiology)  IMPORTANT QUESTION AND ANSWER


 

SECTION  - I


Give the meaning for the following:


Meiosis. b. histology c. diffusion d. pasteurization


Fill in the blanks


Middle layer of heart is called as ………………………….

Cholera is caused by ………………

 The smallest bone in the body is ……………..

…………….. is largest lymphatic organ


Write short notes


Structure of cell. B. microscope. C. trachea d. structure of ear e. femur


 


a. list down the endocrine glands


explain the structure of pituitary gland and its hormones


 


a. list the organs of digestive system


explain the structure of liver with a neat labeled diagram


 


SECTION – II


State whether the following statements are true or false


autoclaving is a method of disinfection

peritoneum is the coving membrane of heart

rabies is a zoonotic disease

tetanus is caused by clostridium tetani


 


Choose the correct answer from the following:


normal duration of cardiac cycle is


0.8 second ii. 0.6 sec iii. 1 minute


 


The acid fast bacteria is


Mycobacterium tuberculosis ii. E.coli iii. Salmonella typhimurium


 


The first part of large intestine is


Caecum ii. Transverse colon iii. Sigmoid colon


 


Write short notes


Blood groups

Cranial nerves

Function of bone

Cerebro spinal fluid

Physiology of vision


 


Define immunity

Explain the types of immunity


 


List the types of tissue

Explain the functions of muscular tissue

Draw a neat diagram of heart

Explain the conducting system of heart


 


 


SECTION – I


Give the meaning of the following


Ingestion

b. larynx

anatomy

trachea


 


a. ……………….. is the hormone secreted by thymus gland


b.the life span of RBC is ……………… days


c. ………………. is called as the power house of the cell


d. typhoid is caused by …………………


 


write short notes


structure of the ovary

structure of brain

bones of upper limb

innominate bone

gall bladder


 


a. list the organs of digestive system


b.explain the structure of stomach with a neat labeled diagram


 


a. name the organs of nervous system


explain the structure of brain with neat labeled diagram


 


SECTION – II


State whether the following statements are TRUE OR FALSE


Bile is secreted by the stomach

Heart is situated in the mediastinum

Optic nerve is the second cranial nerve in our body


 


Choose the correct answer and write


Tear producing glands are i. sebaceous ii. Lacrimal iii. Salivary gland

The fertilization takes place in the i. uterus ii. Cervix iii. Fallopian tube

The pace maker of the heart is i. A V Node ii. S A Node iii. Lymph Node

The organ of taste is i. skin ii. Tongue iii. Nose


 


Write short notes


Metabolism of carbohydrates

Process of urine formation

Classification of bacteria

Functions of liver

Physiology of respiration


 


a. what is asepsis


explain the method of medical and surgical asepsis


 


a. draw a neat labeled diagram of the heart


explain the blood circulation


SECTION – I


Give the meaning of the following


Pasteurization b. pulmonary circulation c. immunity d. cytology


 


Fill in the blanks


…………………. Is the largest gland in human body

…………….. is the membrane covering brain and spinal cord

The bone of the low jaw is called …………..

Leprosy is caused by ……..


 


Write short notes


Structure of heart

Structure of lungs

Factors influencing growth of microorganisms

Structure of uterus

Structure of tooth


 


A. list the organs of urinary system


Describe the structure of kidney with a neat labeled diagram

List the bones of thoracic cage

Describe the femur with a neat labeled diagram


 


A. draw a neat labeled diagram of human Eye


b. draw a neat labeled diagram of digestive system


 


 


SECTION – II


State whether the following statements are TRUE OR FALSE


The largest part of human brain is cerebrum

The optic nerve transmits the nerve impulses of smell

Malaria is transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes

Blood circulation between heart and body is called pulmonary circulation


 


Fill in the blanks


The power house of the cell is ……………………….

Blood vessels which carry blood towards heart are called ……………….

Tuberculosis is caused by ……………………


 


Write short notes


Collection of specimen

Menstrual cycle

Functions of blood

Metabolism of carbohydrate

Function of nephron


 


A. name the cranial nerves.


b. explain the functions of cranial nerve


c. name the sense organs


d. draw a neat labeled diagram of heart


e. explain the pulmonary blood circulation


f. draw a neat labeled diagram of liver


g. explain the function of liver


 


 


 


 


SECTION – I


Give the meaning of the following


Adduction b. neuron c. hypersensitivity d. disinfection


Fill in the blanks


Left atrio ventricular valve in the heart is also known as ……………… valve

The largest part of the brain is ……………

Leprosy is caused by …………..

Best method of sterilization is ……………………


 


Write short notes


Structure of uterus

Structure of tongue

Muscles of the upper arm

Ball and socket joint

Factors influencing growth of microorganisms


 


A. list the organs of digestive system


Explain the structure of stomach with a neat labeled diagram


A. Name the organs of urinary system


Explain the structure of kidney


 


SECTION – II


State whether the following are      TRUE OR FALSE


Veins carry oxygenated blood away from the heart

Larynx is also known as voice  box

There are eight cervical vertebrae


 


Choose the correct answer and write


Inner most layer of the blood vessel is i. Tunica intima ii. Tunica media iii. Tunica adventitia iv. Tunica vaginalis

The cranial nerve responsible for sense of smell is i. occulomotor ii. Optic iii. Olfactory iv. Accessory

Bone forming cells are called as i. osteocytes ii. Osteoclasts iii. Osteoblasts iv. None of the above

The main artery supplying to the brain is i. common iliac ii. Branchiocephalic iii. Circulus arteriosus iv. Subclavian


 


Write short notes


Cardiac cycle

Functions of liver

Functions of pharynx

Scope of microbiology in nursing

Metabolism of carbohydrates


 


A. what is infection


b. explain the portals of exit in microorganisms


 


A.  Name the organs of special senses


b. explain the physiology of hearing


 


 


 


 


 


SECTION – I


 


Give the meaning of the following


Flexion

Enzyme

Orifice

Cardiac output


 


Fill in the blanks


Space between the two lungs in the theoracic cavity is known as …………….

Supra renal gland is also called as ……………..

Insulin is secreted by ………………. Cells of the pancreas

……………….. is the covering membrane of the bone


 


Write short notes


Methods of sterilization

Muscles of the face and neck

Types of immunity

Structure of the femur

Structure of the thyroid gland


 


A. name the organs of urinary system


b. explain the structure of the kidney with a neat labeled diagram


 


A. list the organs of respiratory system


b. explain the structure of lungs with a neat labeled diagram


 


SECTION – II


State whether the following statements are TRUE OR FALSE


Rods and cones are photoreceptors of the eye

Nucleus is the power house of the cell

Dermis is the superficial layer of the skin


 


Choose the correct answer and write


The movable bone in the skull is …………… i. mandible ii. Maxilla iii. Vomer

Temporary teeth begin to erupt at the age of ………… i. 1 year ii. 1 and half year iii. 6 months

The largest part of the brain is ……………… i. mid brain ii. Cerebrum iii. Cerebellum

The first phase of cell division is ……………… i. anaphase ii. Metaphase iii. Prophase


 


Write short notes


Metabolism of proteins

Functions of the skin

Physiology of hearing

Composition of blood

Menstrual cycle


 


A. define infection


b. explain the mode of transmission of infection


 


 A. Draw a neat labeled diagram of the heart


b. explain the conducting system of the heart


 


SECTION – I


Give the meaning of the following


Tissues

Metabolism

Osmosis

Fontanelles


 


Fill in the blanks


………………….. is the second cervical vertebra

…………………. Is the covering membrane of the nerve

………………… is the innermost layer of the uterus

Buccinator muscle is present in ………………


 


Write short notes


Classification of joints

Radius and ulnar bone

Pathogenic and non pathogenic organisms

Prevention of cross infection in the hospital wards

Draw a neat diagram of ear and label its parts


 


A. explain in detail about phase of cell division


b. write about mitosis in detail


 


A. list the organs of digestive system


b. draw a neat diagram of stomach and label its parts and describe


 


SECTION – II


State whether the following statements are TRUE OR FALSE


Veins carry oxygenated blood away from the heart

Iron part of haemoglobin is known as hame

Temporary arrest of breathing is called Dyspnoea


 


Fill in the blanks


Eyelids protect Eye from …………… light

Muscle cells are specialized from ………..

…………… is the functional unit of the kidney

……………… is the respiratory organ


 


Write short notes


Portals of entry and exit of microbes

ABO blood group

Steam sterilization

Systemic circulation

Physiology of hearing


 


A. draw a neat diagram of heart and label its parts


b. list the blood supply and nerve supply to heart


 


 A. what is endocrine gland


b. write the structure and functions of suprarenal glands


c. write the structure and explain functions of liver


 


SECTION – I


Give the meaning of the following


Hypersensitivity

Ionizing radiation

Fimbriae

Histology


 


Fill in the blanks


Exocrine glands secret …………..

Space between two lungs is called as …………….

Receptors for bright light and color vision is ……………

Tail of the spinal cord is called as …………………


 


Write short notes


Structure of cell

Sources of infection

Humerus bone

Preparation and examination of smears

Muscles of the uppr arm


 


A. what is peristalsis

Draw the structure of stomach and label the parts

Write the enzymes present in gastric juice


 


A. what are endocrine glands


List the endocrine glands

Explain about adrenal gland and its hormones


 


SECTION – II


State whether the followign statements are TRUE OR FALSE


The right atrio ventricular valve is also called as mitral valve

Diaphragm relaxes during expiration

Gas gangrene is caused by clostridium welchi

Fluid present in the inner Ear in CSF


 


Choose the correct answer and write


The innermost layer of brain is ………. i. endocardium ii. Piamater iii. Duramater

The ferilized ovum is called as ……… i. zygote ii. Sperm iii. Ova

Brian and spinal cord are the parts of ……….. i. central nervous system ii. Peripheral nervous system . iii. Autonomic nervous system


 


Write short notes


Mechanism of hearing

Functions of bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli

Functions of kidney

Blood groups

Types of muscles and its functions


 


 A. what is nosocomial infection


b. list few nosocomial infection


c. how will you prevent cross infection in hospital


 


 A. name the outer, middle and inner layer of the Eye


b. briefly explain about refractive errors


c. name the outer, middle and inner structures of Ear


d. explain about cochlea and vestibule


 


SECTION – I


Give the meaning of the following


Foramen magnum

Cartilage

Spore

Infection


 


Fill in the blanks


The …………. Is the largest bone of the foot

The bat shaped bone is …………. Bone

Thread like structures arising from cytoplasm and extending out through cell wall is called …….

The middle layer of the heart is ……….


 


Write short notes


Structure of the heart

Structure of the liver

Bones of the wrist and hand

Ball and socket joint


 


Draw a neat diagram of clavicle bone and explain

Write the structure of kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder

A. define sterilization b. explain the autoclaving method of sterilization


 


SECTION – II


State whether the followign statements are TRUE OR FALSE


The double layer of peritioneum is called mesentry

Souces of infection withing the body are called exogenous

The nerve cell do not generate impulses

Tetanus is caused by clostridium tetani


 


Choose the correct answer and write


Growth of microorganisms in the presence of oxygen. i. aerobic ii. Anaerobic iii. Father of microbiology

The inner most layer of the uterus is … i. endocardium ii. Endometrium iii. Perimetrium

Electron microscope is discovered by …. i. ruska ii. Joseph lister iii. Louis pasteur


 


Write short notes


Classification of bacteria

Physiology of vision

Cardiac cycle

Function of ovaries

Pulmonary circulation


 


 Explain the functions of skin

 A. list the organs of respiratory system


b. explain the functions of pharynx


 


 


 


SECTION – I


Fill in the blanks


The blood is a …………….. tissue

The retina is a ……………. Layer of eye

The space between lungs is called …………..

Taste buds contain ……………. Receptors


 


Write the meaning of the following


Pasteurization

Mitosis

Immunity

Fertilization


 


Write shorts notes


Structure of ear

Structure of neuron

Epithelial tissue

Synovial joints

Structure of liver


 


A. list the endocrine glands


b. describe the structure of thyroid gland


 


A. define sterilization


b. list the types of sterilization


c. explain autoclaving method of sterilization


 


State whether the following statements are TRUE OR FALSE


Clostridium tetani is a causative organism of tetanus

Peritoneum is a covering layer of heart

Rabies is a zoonotic disease

Total bones of our body is 250


 


Choose the correct answer from the following


Rickets is caused by deficiency of ………….. i. vitamin A ii. Vitamin D iii. Vitamin C

The longest bone in human body is ……….. i. stapes ii. Femur iii. Humerus

Act of swallowing is called ………….. i. deglutition ii. Mastication iii. Propulsion


 


Write short notes


Nosocomial infection

Physiology of respiration

Cranial nerves

Blood groups

Menstrual cycle


A. define cardiac cycle


b. explain stages of cardiac cycle

A. draw a neat diagram of urinary system


 b. explain the functions of kidney

c. draw a neat diagram of skin







explain the functions of skin



 GNM First Year BIOSCIENCE (Anatomy, Physiology and Microbiology)  IMPORTANT QUESTION AND ANSWER 

gnm bioscience notes first year anatomy, physiology and microbiology
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