Anatomy and Physiology Important Questions – BSc First Year (INC Syllabus) 
 

ANATOMY

LONG ESSAYS (10 MARKS)

Describe the autonomic nervous system
Describe the thyroid gland
Describe the ventricles of the heart
Enumerate different parts of female reproductive system. Describe the uterus in details
Enumerate the different parts of alimentary system. Describe the stomach in details
Describe the hip joint in detail
Name the parts of the digestive system. Describe the duodenum in detail
Describe the blood supply of the heart
Describe the liver in detail and its histology
Name the salivary glands, where do they open and describe the parotid gland in detail
Classify the bones with examples, and microstructure. Give detailed account of humerus
Name the different parts of central nervous system. Describe the cerebellum in details
Enumerate the different parts of male reproductive system. Describe the testis in details
Name the parts of the respiratory system. Describe the right lung in detail
Describe the pituitary gland and its function
Enumerate endocrine glands with their location. Four examples of exocrine glands. Differences between endocrine and exocrine glands
Enumerate the different parts of excretory system with neat diagram. Describe the kidney in details.
Enumerate the parts of urinary system. Describe the gross anatomy of urinary bladder

 

SHORT ESSAYS (FIVE MARKS)


Islets of langerhans
Ectopic pregnancy
Classify the connective tissue
Name the components of nerve tissue. Describe the nerve cells
Spleen
Deltoid muscle
Pituitary gland
Ventricles of the brain
Thyroid gland
Nasal cavity
Structure of the ovary
Gluteus maximus muscle
Femoral artery
Sternum
Trachea
Pleura
Upper end of humerus
Cerebrospinal fluid
Parts of large intestine and differences from small intestine
Femoral nerve
Fallopian tube
Typical spinal nerve its formation and distribution
The medulla oblongata
The peritoneum and its functions
Midbrain
Innominate bone
Thoracic duct
Prostate
Supports of uterus
Microscopic structure of duodenum
Vermiform appendix
Veins of the heart
Transverse section of thoracic part of the spinal cord
Structure of thick skin
Lymphoid tissue
Intercostals muscles
Nephron
Tongue
Suprarenal glands
Shoulder joint
Neuron
Pancreas
Lymph node
Broncho pulmonary segments

 

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SHORT ANSWERS (TWO MARKS)

Name the ligaments that hold the uterus to its normal position
Name any two exocrine glands
What is pelvimetry
Nissi bodies
Given the origin and termination of the thoracic duct
Name the organelles of the cell
Name any 4 muscles of the back
Name the branches of femoral nerve
What is retinaculum? Give its function
Pisiform bone
Femur
Structures passing through the hilum of kidney
Name the cranial nerves
Give the branches of abdominal aorta
Name the bones of upper limb
What are the features of a typical rib? Name the atypical rib
Draw a labeled diagram of the parts of nephron
Name the bones forming skeleton of the hand
Name the cranial nerves supplying the eye ball
Name the layers of pericardium and its function
Name the types of muscle tissue and their microscopic differences
Name the bones forming the elbow joint and the movements possible
What are intercostals arteries? How many are there and what are they branches of?
Give some important functions of the skin
Name two functions of the liver
Great saphenous vein
Name the carpal bones
Name the openings in the diaphragm
Parts of thyroid gland
Name the ventricles of the brain
Name two muscles present in the forearm
Name the parts of the vertebra
Where are the islet of langerhans found and give their functions
Name the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall
What are fontanelle and where are they found
Give the attachments of biceps branchii and its nerve supply
What is radial artery a branch of? Give its clinical importance
Name the bones forming the wrist joint
Name the important lymphatic tissues of the body and their functions
Give the total number of ribs and name the parts of a typical rib
Structure of trachea
Name the lower limb bones
Ligaments of uterus
Quadriceps femoris
Name the layers of large sized artery
Sublingual gland
Otic ganglion
Wharton’s jelly
Name the hamstring muscles
Thoracic duct
Ductus deferens
Name the parts of fallopian tube
Name the cranial nerves in order
Name the functions of thalamus
Name the features of a vertebra
Apex beat
Sternocleidomastoid
Name the types of cartilages
Name the ligaments of knee joints
What are the contents of the middle ear
Name the bones forming thoracic cage
Sciatic nerve
Name the structures related posterior to the stomach
What is the nerve supply of parietal pleura
Name the branches of external carotid artery
Name the salivary glands
Parts of epididymis
Histology of large artery
Name four structures of root of lung
Name four parts of pancreas
Classification of tissues
Name four muscles of abdomen
Name organs of lower respiratory tract
Femur
Name the arteries supplying the stomach
Name the meninges of brain
Various position of vermiform appendix
Name four parts of small intestine
Hip joints
Name four lobes of cerebrum
Name the skull bones
Name the fibrous joints
Name three extrinsic muscle of tongue
Lymphatic drainage of breast

 

 

 

PHYSIOLOGY

LONG ESSAYS (10 MARKS)

Describe the mechanism of blood clotting
Define arterial blood pressure. What are the factors determining blood pressure. How is it regulated?
Describe the ABO blood group system. Add a note on blood transfusion
Describe the transport of oxygen in the blood. Add a note on hypoxia
Classify WBC’s and describe in detail about its functions
Describe the mechanical events of cardiac cycle with neat diagram
Describe the mechanism of respiration
Describe the functions of thyroid hormone. Name the diseases of hypo and hyper secretion of thyroid hormone
Describe in detail about functions of growth hormone
Describe the pathway of coagulation. Add a note on anti coagulants
Name the hormones of anterior pituitary gland.
Describe the components of gastric juice. What are the functions of stomach
Describe erythropoiesis in detail
Describe the transmission of impulse across neuromuscular junction. Add a note on myasthenia gravis
Discuss in detail the calcium regulation of the body
Name the respiratory centres and describe regulation of respiration
Draw a neat, labeled diagram of neuro-muscular junction and describe the events occurring at it.

 

SHORT ESSAYS (FIVE MARKS)

What is the composition and function of saliva
Explain the actions of growth hormone (Refer 10)
Trace the pathway for pain
Describe the mechanism of oxygen transport in blood
What is immunity? Explain its types.
Micturition reflexes
Mechanism of blood coagulation (Refer 10)
Estrogen
Functions of growth hormones (Refer 10)
ECG curve
ESR
Cerebrospinal fluid
Describe actions of thyroid hormone (Refer 10)
Functions of liver
Spermatogenesis
With neat diagram represent reflex arc and enumerate properties of reflex arc
Describe neural regulation of respiration (Refer 10)
Describe the compensatory changes in the body to increased temperature
Describe actions of thyroid hormones (Refer 10)
Describe the functions of testosterone
Name the different types of blood groups. Explain landsteiner’s law (Refer 10)
Name the conducting tissues of heart. Explain the conduction of electrical impulse in the heart
Explain the different stages of menstrual cycle
Middle ear
What are the composition and functions of blood
Name the movements of small intestine. What are the functions of small intestine
Define GFR. Describe the factors affecting GFR
What are the types of neuroglia? Mention its functions
Intrinsic mechanism of coagulation (Refer 10)
Explain factors influencing blood pressure (Refer 10 Mark)
Draw a spirogram indicating various lung volumes and capacities
Name plasma proteins. Mention their functions
Referred pain
Pregnancy tests
Jaundice
Composition of gastric juice (Refer 10)
Classify nerve fibers
Heart sounds
Name the posterior pituatory hormones and describe their actions
Describe functions of hypothalamus
Describe stages of erythropoiesis  (Refer 10)
Define sensory receptors

 
SHORT ANSWERS (TWO MARKS)

Mention four functions of skin
What is myopia
Draw a neat diagram of neuron and label its parts
Enumerate two functions of estrogen
Refractive errors of eye
Functions of granulocytes
Functions of testosterone
Movements of intestine
Functions of hypothalamus
Mention functions of middle ear
Define vital capacity. Give its normal value
Draw a neat diagram of reflex arc
Write two actions of gastrin
Name the different types of normal haemoglobin
Define cardiac cycle
Explain salutatory conduction of neurons
Name the hormones of posterior pituitary gland
Myasthenia gravis
Rh incompatibility
Meiosis
Oogenesis
Name the types of lymphocytes
Name two muscles of inspiration
Synapse
Define blood pressure
Functions of insulin
Refractory period
Surfactant
Mention hormones secreted by anterior pituitary gland
Define landsteiners law
Draw a labeled diagram of nephron
Radial pulse
Goiter
Safe period
Erythoblastosis foetalis
Mention any four secondary sexual characters of a male
Functions of platelets
Name any two gastro intestinal hormones and mention their function

 


 

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