Nurseinfo Exam Nursing Notes

2019 - PC. BSc FIRST YEAR MICROBIOLOGY IMPORTANT QUESTIONS - INC SYLLABUS

PC. BSC NURSING FIRST YEAR MICROBIOLOGY QUESTIONS

LONG ANSWERS (10 MARKS)

Describe the morphology, life cycle and laboratory diagnosis of Entamoeba histolytica
Classify streptococci. Describe the pathogenicity and laboratory diagnosis of streptococci pyogens
Define and classify immunity. Describe innate immunity
Classify hepatitis viruses. Describe the pathogenicity and laboratory diagnosis of hepatitis b virus
List the malarial parasites. Describe the life cycle of laboratory diagnosis of P.falciparum
Classify antigen-antibody reactions. Describe agglutination reactions
Define hypersensitivity. Classify hypersensitivity. Describe Anaphylaxis
Describe the morphology, culture, pathogenicity and laboratory diagnosis of corynebacterium diphtheriae
Describe the morphology of a bacterial cell with a neat, labeled diagram
Describe the pathogenicity and laboratory diagnosis of cholera
Describe the various methods of cultivation of viruses
Define nosocomial infection. Enumerate the bacteria causing nosocomial infectons and the steps taken to control such infections
Define and classify sterilization, discuss in detail the autoclave
Classify enterobacteriaceae. Discuss the morphology and laboratory diagnosis of typhoid fever
Name the organisms causing meningitis. Describe the laboratory diagnosis of bacterial meningitis caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis
Explain the pathology, laboratory diagnosis and immunoprophylaxis of enteric fever
Write causative agents of sexually transmitted diseases. Describe the morphology and laboratory diagnosis of gonococcal infections.
Describe the morphology, cultivation, pathogenesis and laboratory diagnosis of staphylococcus aureus
Describe the morphology, pathogenesis and laboratory diagnosis of rabies virus
Define disinfection. Describe the various chemicals used in the hospital with special emphasis the concentrations used.
Describe the pathogenesis and laboratory diagnosis of treponema palladium
 

SHORT ANSWERS

Autoclave
Hepatitis B virus
Bacterial spore structure and functions
Gram Staining – principle and procedure
Differences between bacteria and viruses
Ascaris lumbricoides – life cycle, clinical features and lab diagnosis
Laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
Write a note on Koch’s postulates
ELISA and its uses
Cell mediated immunity
Blood culture
Widal test
Bacterial toxin
Laboratory diagnosis of post streptococcal sequelae
Anaphylaxis
Laboratory diagnosis of fungal infections
Lesions produced by herpes simplex virus
Antibiotic sensitivity tests
Innate immunity
Prophylaxis against poliomyelitis
C.albicans
Laboratory diagnosis of syphilis
Hepatitis A virus
Mycetoma
Hot air oven
Hepatitis A virus
Negative staining – principle and procedure
Ancyclostoma duodenale – life cycle, clinical feature and treatment
Rabies vaccines
Bacterial growth curve
Bacillary dysentery
Prophylaxis for tetanus
Hot air ovens
Acquired immunity
Laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria
Dermatophytes
Laboratory diagnosis of HIV infection
Life cycle of plasmodium vivax in man
Nosocomial infection
Tyndalization
Active immunity
Laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
Chocolate agar medium
Immunoglobulin M (IgM)
Laboratory diagnosis of malaria
Food poisoning
L J media
Hospital infection
Bacterial spore laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria
 Bacterial capsule
Laboratory diagnosis of intestinal amoebiasis
MMR vaccine
Passive immunity
Acid fast staining
Immunoglobulins
Syphilis
Type IV hypersensitivity
Laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
Laboratory diagnosis of malaria (plasmodium vivax)
Mac Conkey Medium
Anaerobic methods of cultivation
Morphology of hepatitis B virus
Incineration
Robertson cooked meat medium
Trichomonas infections
Prophylaxis against tetanus
Effect of environmental factors of microbes
Opportunistic parasitic infections in AIDS patients
Cryptococcosis
Sterilization by filtration
Lepromin test
IgA
Laboratory diagnosis of streptococcus pyogenes infections
Trichuris trichura
Different shapes of bacteria with examples
Bacterial capsule composition and functions
Explain bacterial growth curve
Radiations in sterilization
Differential media with examples
Bacterial filters

 
SHORT ANSWERS (2 MARKS) 

Write any two dermatophytes
Name any two bacterial filters
Name any two neurotropic viruses
Draw a neat labeled diagram of viruses
What are antibodies
Name any two tapeworms
Define Hypersensitivity
Define chemotherapy
Name any two transport media
Mention any two zoonotic bacterial diseases
Name 2 methods of pasteurization
Name 2 bacteria causing wound infection
Hapten
Name the hospital infectious diseases
Name 2 methods of cultivation of viruses
Draw a neat and labeled diagram of IgG
Draw a neat and labeled diagram of  A. lumbricoides ova
Name 2 opportunistic fungal infections
Name 2 protozoal parasites causing diarrhea
Name the different genera of dermatophytes
Tyndallisation
Name the heaviest immunoglobulin and the immunoglobulin that can cross the placenta
Atopy
Name two differences between tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy
Name four common hospital infections
Name 2 viruses that produce intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies
Name 2 serological tests for the diagnosis of HIV infection
Draw a neat and labeled diagram of ova of A. lumbricoides
Exotoxins
Draw a neat labeled diagram of IgG
TAB vaccine
Name any two selective media
Louis Pasteur
Name any two UTI causing bacteria
Define disinfection
Name any two RNA viruses
Mention any two biological vectors
Mantoux test
Name two bacteria causing food poisoning
What is a biological indicator of sterilization? Give an example
Write the steps of Gram’s staining
Define an antigen
Draw a neat, labeled diagram of trophozoite of entamoeba histolytica
Name two parasites transmitted through oral route
VDRL test
Name two bile stained eggs
Diagram of a bacteria cell
Oral thrush
Candle jar
Name two intestinal parasites
Bacterial flagella
Name two live vaccines
Draw immunoglobulin G
Define zoonotic diseases
Name two sexually transmitted infections
Define biological vector. Name one bacterial infection transmitted by them
Name two gaseous disinfectants
Define selective media. Give one example
Name four species of malarial parasites
Draw a neat, labeled diagram of fertilized egg of Ascaris lumbricoides
Write two contributions of Louis Pasteur
BCG vaccine
Draw a neat,  labeled diagram of influenza virus
Name two DNA viruses
Prophylaxis of rabies
Name four bacteria causing food poisoning
State four contributions of Robert Koch
Name four organisms causing UTI
Name four toxins of streptococci
Name two gaseous disinfectants
Name two blood parasites
IgA
Indole test
Four contributions of Robert Koch
Name two sexually transmitted diseases
Pasteurization
Draw hook worm and round worm ova
Name two fungal infections
Name two RNA viruses
VDRL test
Name four bacteria causing sexually transmitted diseases
Negri bodies
Draw round worm egg
Name two non motile bacilli
Negative staining
Name two diplococci
Steps of gram staining
Name the immunoglobulins
Name four enriched media
Draw pinworm ova
Name two methods of antibiotic sensitivity testing
Name fungal infections of skin
Name two methods of pasteurization
Name four selective media
Name two differential stains
Classification of streptococci
Name the vectors transmitting dengue and Japanese encephalitis
Draw a neat and labeled diagram of HIV virus
Name two dermatophytes
Concentration methods for ova and cysts
How are bacteria classified based on oxygen requirement
Name two lymphocytes of the immune system
Name two coagulase negative staphylococci
Name two DNA viruses
Name two non-neural vaccines against rabies
Name two fungi causing systemic mycotic infections
Microfilaria
Draw a neat and labeled diagram of the ova of ancyclostoma duodenale
Name any two bacterial respiratory diseases
Mention any four modes of transmission of HIV
Mention any two types of infectious wastes in hospital
Draw a neat labeled diagram of HIV virus
Name 2 gram positive and 2 gram negative bacteria
Name the antibodies
Name any two wound infection causing bacteria
Draw a neat labeled diagram of Giardia intestinalis
Mention any two urinary tract infections causing bacteria
Name any two viral sexually transmitted diseases