GNM NURSING FIRST YEAR FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS
Nurseinfo Exam Nursing Notes

GNM – FIRST YEAR – FUNDAMENTAL OF NURSING – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS, ksdneb 

Give meaning of the following (one mark)

  1. Disinfection
  2. Dehydration (important)
  3. Health (important)
  4. Insomnia
  5. Stomatitis
  6. Infection
  7. Dyspnoea
  8. Health team
  9. Nursing care of a patient with breathing difficulty
  10. Disinfection of sharps and needles.
  11. Instillation of ear drops
  12. Characteristics of respiration.
  13. Asepsis
  14. Decubitus ulcer
  15. First aid
  16. Auscultation
  17. Code of ethics (important)
  18. Comprehensive nursing care
  19. Myopia
  20. Anti coagulants
  21. Observation
  22. Pulse (important)
  23. Infusion
  24. Laxative
  25. Respiration
  26. Profession (important)
  27. Body mechanics (important)
  28. Nursing diagnosis
  29. Enema
  30. Hospital
  31. Proctoclysis
  32. Exercise
  33. Rigor
  34. Procedure
  35. Crisis
  36. Humidity
  37. Communicable disease
  38. Euthanasia
  39. Parotitis


 

Short notes (four marks)

  1. Care of dying patient (important)
  2. Types and purposes  of position
  3. Barriers of communication
  4. Care of unconscious client
  5. Qualities of a nurse (important)
  6. Medical hand washing (important)
  7. Methods of physical examination
  8. Health team
  9. Characteristics of mentally health individual
  10. Cold application (important)
  11. Application of hot water bag
  12. Active and passive exercises
  13. Care of the rubber goods (important)
  14. Types of beds and their uses. (important)
  15. Importance of records and reports (important)
  16. Holistic approach in nursing care
  17. Nurses role in maintaining intake and output chart
  18. Disinfection techniques (important)
  19. Urine test for sugar and albumin (important)
  20. Hot application used in the care of patients. (important)
  21. Nursing care of bed sore patients.
  22. Comfort devices and their uses (important)
  23. Aseptic techniques
  24. Therapeutic communication (important)
  25. Voluntary agencies
  26. Care of patient with fever
  27. First aid in earth quake
  28. Caring of storing medications.
  29. Factors affecting pulse rate
  30. Principles of bed making
  31. Importance of rest and sleep
  32. Maintenance of intake and output chart (important)
  33. Types of enema (important)
  34. Sitz bath
  35. Comprehensive nursing care (important)
  36. Functions of a hospital
  37. Characteristics of respiration
  38. Crisis
  39. Surgical asepsis
  40. Nursing management in case of retention of urine (important)
  41. Nurse’s responsibilities in the administration of oral medication. (important)
  42. Elements of communication process.
  43. Principles of record writing
  44. Nursing care of a patient with decubitus ulcer
  45. Needs for dying patient and his/her relatives
  46. Interpersonal relationship in nursing
  47. Care of thermometers
  48. Administration of oxygen
  49. Routes of administration of drugs (important)
  50. Medical asepsis
  51. Determinants of health
  52. Mental health in adolescence
  53. Different types of beds and their uses
  54. Nursing rules in meeting the elimination need of a bed ridden patient.
  55. Management of patient with fluid imbalance.
  56. Nurse’s responsibilities in the application of local heat and cold application.
  57. Nursing care of patient with breathing difficulty
  58. Characteristics of normal urine
  59. Cold sterilization
  60. Nursing management of a patient with fever
  61. General instructions for removal of stains from linen.
  62. Characteristics of pulse
  63. Catheterization
  64. Emollient
  65. Asphyxia
  66. Splint
  67. Sterilization techniques
  68. Role of nurse in discharge procedure
  69. Menstrual hygiene
  70. Care in rigor
  71. Care of body after death


 

Long Answers (7 or 8 or 9 Marks)


  1. Define pyrexia. Name the different sites for recording temperature. Explain the nursing care of a client with pyrexia.
  2. Define Decubitus ulcer. List the causes of Decubitus ulcer. Explain the role of nurse in care and prevention of Decubitus ulcer.
  3. Define fracture. Write the causes and types of fracture. Explain the first aid management of patient with fractured leg. (important)
  4. Define steam sterilization. List the purposes of steam sterilization. Explain the procedure of steam sterilization by  Nelson’s inhaler.(important)
  5. Define enema. List the different types of enema. Explain the procedure of soap water enema. (important)
  6. Define bedsore. List the causes of bedsore. Explain the nursing care of a patient with bedsore. (important)
  7. Define mental health. Enumerate the characteristics of a mentally healthy person. Discuss the promotion of mental health in old age.
  8. Define blood pressure. List the factors causing variations in blood pressure. Explain the procedure of measuring blood pressure of a patient in your ward.
  9. Define bed bath. List the purposes of bed bath. Explain the procedure of giving bed bath to an unconscious patient.
  10.  Define feeding. Discuss the nurse’s responsibilities in feeding a helpless client orally.
  11. Define personal hygiene. Explain the role of nurse in maintaining personal hygiene of a bed ridden patient. List of solutions used for mouth wash. Explain the procedure of giving mouth care to an unconscious patient (important)
  12. Define dehydration. List the signs and symptoms of dehydration. Explain the nursing management of patient with dehydration
  13. Define burns. Explain the first aid management of a patient with moderate degree burns.
  14. Discuss the role of nurse in the care of a dying patient.
  15. What is bed making. List the purposes of bed making. Explain the principles involved in bed making.
  16. What is unconsciousness? Explain in detail the management of an unconscious patient. (important)
  17. Define inhalation. Explain the nurses responsibilities in the administration of steam inhalation to a patient.
  18. Define drug administration. Mention the different routes of drug administration. Explain the procedure for oral medication.
  19. What is asepsis. Write in detail the steps in medical and surgical hand washing techniques.
  20. What is specimen collection. Write the nurses responsibility in collecting and transporting of urine and stool specimen for routine examination.
  21. What is first aid. Explain the rules of first aid. Write the first aid measure in snake bite. Explain the first aid measures in drowning and electrical burns (important)
  22. What are the methods of oxygen administration? Explain the steps in giving steam inhalation with Nelson’s inhaler. (important)
  23. Define nursing process. State the steps of nursing process. Explain the assessment as a step of nursing process.
  24. Write the golden rules of first aid. Explain the first aid given for foreign body in the eye and drowning.
  25. What is discharge planning of a patient. How to prepare the client and his/her relatives for discharge. Write in detail the role of a nurse in discharging a client from hospital who has admitted for gastro enteritis.
  26. Write the importance of maintaining good personal hygiene. Explain the nurse’s role in providing care of hair, hands and feet.
  27. What is catheterization? List the purposes. Write the responsibilities of a nurse in collecting specimen of midstream urine and collecting stool specimen for routine examination. Explain the procedure of female catheterization (important)
  28. Define nursing. List the principles of nursing. Explain the qualities of a professional nurse.
  29. Define discharge. Write the details of discharge procedure of a patient with respiratory problems.
  30. How will you admit a patient to the ward? What observations are you expected to be made on admission? What instructions would you give to the patient and his relatives at the time of admission.
  31.  Define mental health. List the characteristic of mentally healthy person. Discuss about promotion of mental health in old age.
  32. Define bandaging. List the aims of bandaging. Briefly explain the rules to be followed while applying bandage.
  33. List the types of exercise. Explain the importance of each type.
  34. Define gastric gavage. List the indications for gastric gavage. Explain the procedure of nasogastric tube feeding.
  35. Explain the “rules of nine” with a neat diagram to assess the degree of burns. Write in detail the first aid management of burns.
  36. Define health. Explain about determinant of health.
  37. Define cross infection. List the prevention of cross infection. Explain about barrier nursing.
  38. Define insomnia. List the causes of insomnia.
  39. Define incontinence of urine. Enumerate the causes of incontinence of urine. Write various methods to prevent and treat incontinence of urine.
  40. Define accidents. What is the first aid management for accidents in case of conscious patient. What is the first aid management for road traffic accidents.​