TINEA CAPITIS – Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Management and Prevention

Tinea capitis is a scalp infection caused by a fungus. Tinea capitis is also called ringworm of the scalp or head. Ringworm of the scalp, a highly contagious infection, is most common in toddlers and school-age children.


The most common species of fungi affecting humans are Microsporum canis and Trichophyton verrucosum. Tinea capitis is spread by close contact with an infected person or pet. Your risk is increased if you share towels, hairbrushes, combs, barrettes, and hats with an infected person.


  • Hair loss
  • Raised, scaly skin
  • Itchy scalp
  • Scaly, gray or reddened areas
  • Black dots on scalp from broken hairs
  • Patches that slowly expand or enlarge
  • Small, round bumps
  • Brittle or fragile hair that easily pulls out
  • Tender or painful areas on the scalp
  • Temporarily hair loss is there



The most common treatment is an antifungal medicine taken by mouth. In adults, treatment is with the antifungal drug terbinafine or itraconazole taken by mouth. How long treatment is needed depends on the drug used. If a large kerion has formed, the antifungal treatment may be supplemented with corticosteroids for a short period of time. Wash hair regularly with medicated shampoo 2-3 times a week. This may help remove fungus spores and prevent the spread of the infection to other people or to other areas.


  1. Use an antifungal shampoo: ask caregiver which shampoo to use. Wash hair every day with this shampoo. Use a clean towel each time you wash hair. Do not scratch scalp. This may cause the infection to spread to other areas of scalp.
  2. Do not share personal items: do not share towels, brushes, combs, or hair accessories.
  3. Wash items in hot water. Wash all towels, clothes and bedding in hot water. Use laundry soap. Wash brushes and combs, barrettes and hats in hot, soapy water
  4. Keep your skin, hair, and nails clean and dry: bathe every day. Wash your hands often.
  5. Avoid infected pets: a patch of missing fur is a sign of infection in a pet. Take your infected pet to a veterinarian for treatment.


TINEA CAPITIS – Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Management and Prevention

TINEA CAPITIS – Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Management and Prevention 

nurseinfo nursing notes for bsc, msc, p.c. or p.b. bsc and gnm nursing